Nepal is 5 hrs 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian standard time. There is no daylight saving time in Nepal, so daylight saving time elsewhere reduces/increases the time difference of one hour.
Every national except Indian nationals will require a visa to enter Nepal. Nepal extends trouble free visa issuance for all countries. The valid passport and two passports sized photograph will be required and the visa is easily available at the Tribhuvan International airport or any entry points of Nepal. The visa fees will be as follows (all the visa fee must be paid in USD cash) credit card will not be acceptable.
The clothing in Nepal differs as per the season. In Kathmandu, the daytime temperature is pleasant throughout the year, but in the winter time the temperature drops down in the mornings and evening (though never drops below freezing point).
In winter (Dec-Feb): Sweaters, warm garment, jackets or down vest, and warm sleepwear. During monsoon (Jul-Sep): You will need an umbrella or raincoat, particularly in Pokhara where the rainfall is much heavier than in Kathmandu.
Casual medium-weight cotton wear is a good choice around the year. Sunglasses, a hat and covering for unprotected skin are all necessary for high altitude treks. Comfortable, a durable walking shoe is a must, also add an extra pair to wear around the hotel.
The important is that the clothes should be comfortable and modest. Mostly for women long baggy walking shorts are better, but the best are loose trousers, a below-the-knee skirt will be modest. Men should wear shirts and long trouser (knee-length shorts are acceptable though). Men should never go bare-chested in the city.
Nepal climate varies significantly throughout the year, with seasons showing themselves very differently at different altitude.
Seasons are typical of North Hemisphere: hot April-August and cold November-January with two brief warm periods, February-March and September-October.
Nepal’s has following climatic seasons:
Most hotels and restaurants nowadays include a percentage of service charge in the bill. Trekking/tour guides and chauffeurs do except some tips but not mandatory. If you think you have been provided exceptional service by the guides or chauffeurs you may tip them as per your discretion.
The Nepali rupees are issued in the Notes of Rs 1, Rs 5, Rs 10, Rs 50, Rs 100, Rs 500 and Rs 1000. Different colors make them easy to distinguish. The amounts are written in English on the back side of the note.
Money exchangers are widely spread across the tourist area of Kathmandu and Pokhara. You may also exchange the currency in the hotel. Major international currencies including US Dollars, Pound Sterling, and Euro are readily accepted. While officially exchanging money from the money exchanger, you are required to show the passport, and you are issued with a foreign exchange encashment receipt showing your identity with the amount of hard currency you have exchanged.
Approx. exchange rate as of 12 May 2017:
Power comes out at 220 volts/50 cycles per second. Lengthy power cuts “load shedding” are a daily occurrence. Good hotel and restaurants will have backup generators. The European standard two-pin socket is most common.
Make sure you are healthy before you start traveling. If you require any specific medicine, take an adequate supply of it, as it may not be available locally. Carry a part of the packaging showing the generic name rather than the brand, which make getting replacements easier. Carry a legal prescription from your doctor to show that you legally use the medication. Anyone with known heart disease should carry a recent copy of the ECG. This is useful in aiding quick diagnosis of a problem if that may arise.
No special inoculation/immunization is required for Nepal visit. However, we recommend the clients get themselves immunized against a certain illness that is not prevalent in their home country such as Typhoid, Malaria, Meningitis, Hepatitis etc.